The percentage of admissions to state-funded substance abuse treatment facilities citing opiates other than heroin as a primary substance of abuse continue to increase, according to recently released data from the national Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Admissions for the primary abuse of other opiates, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, and codeine, have increased steadily since 1997, from 1.0% to 8.6% in 2010 (the most recent year data are available). Opiates other than heroin are now more likely than either cocaine (8.1%) or methamphetamine (5.7%) to be cited as a primary substance of abuse by treatment clients. Treatment admissions for the primary abuse of marijuana have also shown recent increases (from 16.0% in 2007 to 18.4% in 2010), while heroin admissions have remained stable.
NOTE: While the focus of this analysis is on treatment admissions for drugs other than alcohol, it should be noted that admissions for the primary abuse of alcohol decreased over the period from 59.3% in 1992 to 40.9% in 2010.
SOURCE: Adapted by CESAR from the Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Treatment Episode Dataset (TEDS) Highlights—2010, National Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment Services, 2012 Available online at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k12/TEDS2010N/TEDS2010NWeb.pdf.