via mkramer123987

via mkramer123987

Among working-age adults, 9.8% of all deaths in the United States during this period (2006 through 2010) were attributable to excessive drinking; 69% of all AAD involved working-age adults.

 

An average of 87,798 AAD and 2,560,290 YPLL occurred in the United States annually from 2006 through 2010 (Table 1). Overall, 44% of the AAD and 33% of the YPLL were due to chronic conditions, and 56% of the AAD and 67% of the YPLL were caused by acute conditions. Most AAD (71%) and YPLL (72%) involved males. The most common cause of chronic AAD was alcoholic liver disease, while the most common cause of acute AAD was motor-vehicle traffic crashes.

A total annual average of 4,358 AAD (5%) and 249,727 YPLL (10%) involved those under age 21 years from 2006 through 2010 (data not shown). Similar to the findings for adults, about 78% of the AAD and 76% of the YPLL in those younger than 21 involved males. However, in contrast to the findings for adults, all of the top 3 causes of death for those under age 21 years —specifically, motor-vehicle traffic crashes, homicide, and suicide —were acute conditions. In fact, motor-vehicle traffic crashes alone accounted for 36% of the total AAD for those under age 21 years.

The average annual age-adjusted AAD rate for the United States from 2006 through 2010 was 27.9 deaths per 100,000 population, with a range of 51.2 deaths per 100,000 (New Mexico) to 19.1 deaths per 100,000 (New Jersey) (Table 2). Twenty-six states and the District of Columbia (DC) had higher average annual age-adjusted AAD rates than the national rate, and 2 states (New Mexico and Alaska) reported average annual age-adjusted AAD rates above 40 deaths per 100,000 population. The average annual age-adjusted YPLL rate for the United States from 2006 through 2010 was 831.6 per 100,000 population, with a range of 1,570 YPLL per 100,000 (New Mexico) to 570 YPLL per 100,000 (Hawaii) (Table 3). The average annual age-adjusted YPLL rates in 23 states and the District of Columbia were higher than the national rate, and 12 states and DC reported over 1,000 YPLL per 100,000 population.

Average annual AAD were responsible for an average of 9.8% of total deaths (Table 2) and an average of 11.5% of YPLL among working-age adults (20–64 y) (Table 3) from 2006 through 2010.The average proportion of total deaths among working-age adults that were alcohol-attributable ranged from 16.4% in New Mexico to 7.5% in Maryland; the average proportion of total YPLL that were alcohol-attributable ranged from 18.5% in New Mexico to 9.1% in Maryland.

From 2006 through 2010 more than two-thirds (69%) of all average annual AAD (Table 2) and 82% of average annual YPLL (Table 3) involved working-age adults (20–64 y). The proportion of average annual AAD in states that involved working-age adults ranged from 83% in Alaska to 56% in Vermont, and the proportion of average annual YPLL attributable to alcohol that involved working-age adults ranged from 88% in Alaska to 77% in Nebraska and Vermont.

 

Complete Article With All Data